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Understanding Astigmatism: Causes, Effects, Anatomy, Physical, Mental, and Emotional Factors, Treatments, Natural Vision Enhancement with the Bates Method

Written by Vision´s Magician

21 September 2023

Astigmatism is a common vision problem that causes blurry or distorted vision. It occurs due to abnormal shape in the cornea or lens. The causes include physical, mental, and emotional factors. The effects of astigmatism include blurry vision, eye strain, and difficulty seeing at night. Treatments range from prescription glasses and contact lenses to surgery. Natural options such as the Bates Method and eye exercises can also improve vision. Regular eye exams, especially for children, are essential for early detection and management of astigmatism.


What is Astigmatism?

Astigmatism is a common vision condition that affects the clarity of vision. It occurs when the cornea or lens of the eye is irregularly shaped. This abnormal shape prevents light from focusing properly on the retina, resulting in blurred or distorted vision. Astigmatism can be present from birth or develop later in life due to various factors.

Causes of Astigmatism

Astigmatism can have different causes, including:

  • Physical causes: Irregularities in the shape of the cornea or lens can lead to astigmatism. These irregularities can be present from birth or can develop due to eye injuries or eye diseases.
  • Mental causes: There is some evidence to suggest that excessive near work, such as prolonged reading or computer use, can contribute to the development of astigmatism.
  • Emotional causes: Emotional stress and tension can also impact the eyes and potentially contribute to astigmatism.

Effects of Astigmatism

The effects of astigmatism can vary from person to person, but common symptoms include:

  • Blurred or distorted vision: Objects both near and far may appear blurry or distorted.
  • Eye strain and fatigue: The eyes may feel tired or strained, particularly after prolonged periods of visual tasks.
  • Headaches: Astigmatism can cause frequent headaches, especially after activities that require focusing.
  • Difficulty seeing at night: People with astigmatism may experience difficulty seeing clearly in low-light conditions.

Anatomy of the Eye and Astigmatism

Astigmatism is primarily caused by irregularities in the cornea or lens. The cornea, a transparent layer at the front of the eye, helps to focus light onto the retina. In a normal eye, the cornea has a smooth, spherical shape. However, in astigmatism, the cornea may be curved more steeply in one direction than the other, resulting in unequal bending of light.

The curvature of the lens, located behind the cornea, can also contribute to astigmatism. Irregularities in the lens shape can disrupt the focusing of light, further contributing to distorted or blurred vision.

Treatments for Astigmatism

Astigmatism can be effectively managed through various treatment options, including conventional methods and natural vision enhancement techniques.

Conventional Treatments for Astigmatism

Prescription Glasses

Prescription glasses are a common and effective way to correct astigmatism. These specially designed glasses have lenses that compensate for the irregular shape of the cornea or lens, helping to focus light properly onto the retina. An eye care professional will determine the appropriate prescription based on an individual’s specific astigmatism measurements.

Contact Lenses

Contact lenses offer an alternative to prescription glasses for correcting astigmatism. Toric contact lenses, specifically designed for astigmatism, have different powers in different meridians to address the irregular curvature of the cornea. They provide clear vision and excellent comfort, allowing individuals to enjoy clear, uninterrupted sight. It is essential to follow proper hygiene and care instructions while using contact lenses to minimize the risk of eye infections.

Surgery for Astigmatism

In cases where astigmatism is severe or the individual seeks a more permanent solution, surgical options may be considered. Refractive surgeries, such as LASIK or PRK, reshape the cornea to correct its irregularities and improve vision. These procedures aim to reduce dependency on glasses or contact lenses for clear vision. It is important to consult with an experienced eye surgeon to determine the suitability of surgery based on individual circumstances and eye health.

Natural Vision Enhancement and the Bates Method

Exercises for Astigmatism

The Bates Method, developed by Dr. William Bates, offers a natural approach to improving vision, including astigmatism. It includes various exercises that relax the eyes and help improve visual focus and clarity. These exercises may involve shifting focus between near and distant objects, palming (covering the eyes with palms to relax them), and sunning (exposing closed eyes to sunlight). Practice and consistency are key to achieve potential benefits from these exercises.

Maintaining Proper Posture and Eye Rest

An essential aspect of natural vision enhancement involves maintaining proper posture and taking regular breaks to rest the eyes, especially when engaged in activities that strain the eyes, such as prolonged screen time. Maintaining an ergonomic working environment and practicing the 20-20-20 rule (looking at an object 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes) can help alleviate eye strain and promote better visual health.

Benefits of Natural Vision Improvement

Natural vision enhancement techniques aim to address the underlying issues contributing to astigmatism and improve overall visual health. While results may vary, proponents of the Bates Method and other natural approaches suggest that these techniques can potentially reduce the reliance on corrective lenses and improve clarity and focus in vision. It is important to consult with an eye care professional before solely relying on natural methods and to continue regular eye exams for appropriate monitoring and management of astigmatism.

Regular Eye Exams and Astigmatism in Children

Regular eye exams are essential, especially for children, to detect and manage astigmatism. Since children may not be aware that their vision is not normal, these exams become crucial in identifying any visual abnormalities or concerns.

During a regular eye exam, the eye care professional will conduct a thorough evaluation of the child’s vision and eye health. This may involve visual acuity tests, which determine how well the child can see at various distances. The eye care professional may also perform a refraction test to determine the child’s prescription for glasses or contact lenses, if needed.

Astigmatism, along with other refractive errors like nearsightedness (myopia) and farsightedness (hyperopia), can be corrected with prescription glasses or contact lenses specifically designed to address each child’s unique visual needs. It is important for parents and caregivers to ensure that children wear their corrective eyewear as prescribed by the eye care professional.

In addition to visual acuity testing, the eye care professional may dilate the child’s pupils to get a clearer view of the internal structures of the eye. This allows for a more thorough examination of the retina, optic nerve, and other vital components. Any abnormalities or potential issues related to astigmatism or other eye conditions can be detected early on through these comprehensive exams.

Parents should make it a priority to schedule routine eye exams for their children, even if no visual concerns are apparent. Early detection and intervention can help manage astigmatism effectively, promote optimal visual development, and improve the child’s overall quality of life.


  • Regular eye exams are crucial for detecting and managing astigmatism in children.
  • Eye care professionals conduct comprehensive evaluations of vision and eye health.
  • Visual acuity tests and refraction tests help determine the child’s prescription for corrective eyewear.
  • Dilation of pupils allows for a thorough examination of the internal structures of the eye.
  • Early detection and intervention can lead to effective management of astigmatism and optimal visual development.

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